Thesis Archives Search
This search engine will let you explore the over 1600 theses written in Honors at The University of Maine since the Program’s inception in 1935. You may search our thesis archives based on any of the fields listed above. If the thesis is available at the Reynolds Library (Thomson Honors Center) or Fogler Library (Special Collections), the information will appear below the bibliographic data. At last count, we had about 1600 theses in the Reynolds Library.
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Sugar has been central to Cuba’s political economy for centuries. Both the cultivation of cane and its manufacture into sugar has provided employment and vast revenues to the rural citizenry of this tropical island. This thesis explores the origins and development of this industry through Cuba’s history, focusing on the period between Britain’s occupation of Havana in 1762 and the dissolution of the Soviet Union in the early 1990s. Spain expanded sugar production in the late 18th and 19th centuries by liberalizing trade regulations and providing slave labor to plantation owners. The race and class inequalities of this system erupted into revolution when sugar’s value on world markets dropped during the late 1800s. The United States intervened militarily in Cuba’s fight for independence when it detected a threat to American-held assets. The Cuban Republic was established under the auspices of the Platt Amendment, allowing the United States to shape Cuban politics and economic development to favor its growing share of the supply and demand of Cuba’s cane sugar. The plantations of the 19th century were consolidated by corporations, such that an entire region’s economy might depend on the employment and services offered by one mill company. The State Department’s flexible interpretation of the Platt Amendment sanctioned U.S. intervention in Cuban affairs to maintain the safety of American assets. This created political and social instability during the first half of the 20th century, as autocratic regimes with U.S. backing used repression to maintain stability and power. After the ousting of Batista’s regime, Fidel Castro drastically reformed Cuban agriculture, nationalizing most of the island’s farmland. The Soviet Union (and other socialist countries under its influence) became the Cuban agricultural system’s keystone, buying vast quantities of sugar at advantageous
rates, and providing the machinery, oil, and chemicals necessary to sustain the new communist-organized, modern sugar industry. After decades of growth, the industry came crashing down when the USSR dissolved, taking with it Cuba’s main source of revenue and agricultural inputs. This left Cuba, before an objectively successful country within its region, was brought to the brink of ruin because of this incident and the “Special Period” that followed.
“THE SUN SHINES, AND HITLER IS MASTER OF THIS CITY” THE APPEAL OF NAZISM TO GERMAN YOUTH DURING THE 1920S AND 30S
The focus of this Honors Thesis is the study and explanation of the reasons for the strong endorsement of National Socialism and Nazism by the youth of Germany during the late 1920s and the 1930s. Understanding why a comparatively well-educated and politically-conscious cohort of young men and women would accept and champion the cause of the developing Nazi Party en masse begs an exploration of the greater context of the social and political environment of Germany during this time period. The reasons behind the overwhelming support of the Party by young German men and women after the Great War reflect the overall social and cultural movements of the time, and stand testament to the ongoing gender and class struggles of the generation that had grown up in the shadow of the stinging defeat of World War I. The state of the German economy and the great political and social unrest following the war, in addition to the motif of youthful idealism, are all causes for the public sanction of Nazism; and in this Thesis I shall seek a greater understanding of these and myriad accompanying nuances.
1000 Days, or Lessons from Riverside is a novel, largely meant for a young adult audience, written with the intent to tell a story not just about a boy’s last three years of high school, or even about a boy becoming a man. Rather, this novel is about a boy becoming a man of God.
The protagonist, Paul Clark, has to complete community service hours for school credit. Disgruntled by the new assignment, Paul is assigned to work at Riverside Living Center, a group home for extremely ill children. There, he meets Timothy Pottinger, a classmate who volunteers at Riverside freely and acts as something as a chaplain for the ill children. Paul’s life is further complicated when his cousin, Julie, moves in with his family following her parents’ divorce. Julie, a pious, studious girl, is very different from anyone Paul knows.
Over the course of the next three years, Paul and Julie must learn how to live together as a family. Through their assignments at Riverside, they learn true compassion and understanding, and Paul begins to seek out just what is it about faith that makes Julie and Timothy as driven as they are.